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Along with expectations that one would honor one’s elders and treat people with respect, the citizens of the land were also to honor the gods through the jobs they performed every day.
Men and women both worked, and “because ancient Mesopotamia was fundamentally an agrarian society, the principal occupations were growing crops and raising livestock” (Bertman, 274).
There were people living in caves in Asia near the Caspian Sea and in much of Europe, to name just a couple continents.
For instance, the Azilian people occupied northern Spain and Southern France.
As a result of this, Mesopotamia should be more properly understood as a region that produced multiple empires and civilizations rather than any single civilization.
Even so, Mesopotamia is known as the “cradle of civilization” primarily because of two developments that occurred there, in the region of Sumer, in the 4th millenium BCE: The invention of the wheel is also credited to the Mesopotamians and, in 1922 CE, the archaeologist Sir Leonard Woolley discovered “the remains of two four-wheeled wagons, [at the site of the ancient city of Ur] the oldest wheeled vehicles in history ever found, along with their leather tires” (Bertman, 35).
Intellectual pursuits were highly valued across Mesopotamia, and the schools (devoted primarily to the priestly class) were said to be as numerous as temples and taught reading, writing, religion, law, medicine, and astrology.
There were over 1,000 deities in the pantheon of the gods of the Mesopotamian cultures and many stories concerning the gods (among them, the creation myth, the Enuma Elish).
In the centuries and millennia to come, this would give rise to massive inland flooding that would take place in several regions of the world, making for subsequent sea level rises which could be relatively abrupt in many places worldwide. At that point in prehistory, many parts of the world were still inhabited by cavemen.John the Baptist) is known accurately from the transitions among the chief priests in the Jeruaslam Temple as mentioned in the Bible.The birth of Jesus is known approximately relative to his cousin John's birth.Mesopotamia (from the Greek, meaning 'between two rivers’) was an ancient region located in the eastern Mediterranean bounded in the northeast by the Zagros Mountains and in the southeast by the Arabian Plateau, corresponding to today’s Iraq, mostly, but also parts of modern-day Iran, Syria and Turkey.The 'two rivers' of the name referred to the Tigris and the Euphrates rivers and the land was known as ' Al-Jazirah' (the island) by the Arabs referencing what Egyptologist J. Breasted would later call the Fertile Crescent, where Mesopotamian civilization began.