Old dead sea scrolls carbon dating
They were discovered between 19 in eleven caves along the northwest shore of the Dead Sea.
This is an arid region 13 miles east of Jerusalem and 1,300 feet below sea level.
The Dead Sea Scrolls have been radiocarbon dated two different times since they were discovered (excludiing the test on a piece of linen associated with the scrolls in the 1950’s by Willard Libby(the guy who invented the radiocarbon dating method)) by the Zurich Institute of Technology (1990) and the University of Arizona (1994).
From these tests, researchers concluded that the scrolls are roughly 2,000 years old.
As tensions between the Jews and Romans increased, the community hid their valuable scrolls in caves along the Dead Sea to protect them from the invading armies. 70, the Roman general Titus invaded Israel and destroyed the city of Jerusalem along with its treasured Temple.
Their hope was that one day the scrolls would be retrieved and restored to the nation of Israel. It is at this time that the Qumran community was overrun and occupied by the Roman army.
Thinking that his goat may have fallen into the cave, he threw rocks into the opening.
Instead of hearing a startled goat, he heard the shattering of clay pottery.
With this residue gone, the Dead Sea Scrolls can be more precisely dated, and history can be more accurately written (if you subscribe to the “accuracy” of history).
Lowering himself into the cave, he discovered several sealed jars. To his disappointment, he found them to contain leather scrolls.
He collected seven of the best scrolls and left the other fragments scattered on the ground.
In addition to the biblical manuscripts, there are commentaries on the Hebrew canon, paraphrases that expand on the Torah, community standards and regulations, rules of war, non-canonical psalms, hymnals and sermons.
Most of the texts are written in Hebrew and Aramaic, with a few in Greek.